Geneva Convention Agreements

The Seneca Convention was the first convention on women`s rights in the United States. The meeting, held in July 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, created the women`s electoral movement that, more than seven decades later, guaranteed women the right to vote. What is seneca… The Geneva Conventions are rules that apply only in times of armed conflict and need human beings who do not participate or no longer participate in hostilities; These include sick and wounded armed men in the fields, the wounded, the sick and shipwrecked of the armed forces at sea, prisoners of war and civilians. The first convention was entrusted to the treatment of wounded and sick armed forces in the field. [21] The Second Convention dealt with the sick, wounded and shipwrecked of the armed forces at sea. [22] [23] The third convention dealt with the treatment of prisoners of war in times of conflict. [24] The Fourth Convention dealt with the treatment and protection of civilians during the war. [25] In 1906, 35 states participated in a conference convened by the Swiss government. On 6 July 1906, the Convention for the Improvement of the State of the Wounded and Sick in the Field, which improved and supplemented the 1864 Convention for the first time, was adopted. [10] It remained in force until 1970, when Costa Rica acceded to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. [11] The Geneva Conventions adopted before 1949.

Only with fighters, not with civilians. The events of the Second World War showed the disastrous consequences of the absence of a convention for the protection of civilians in times of war. The Convention, adopted in 1949, takes into account the experience of the Second World War. It consists of 159 articles. It contains a brief section on the general protection of the population from certain consequences of war, without worrying about the conduct of hostilities per se, which was then discussed in the additional protocols of 1977. Most of the Convention deals with the status and treatment of protected persons and distinguishes between the situation of foreigners on the territory of one of the parties to the conflict and the situation of civilians in occupied territory. It sets out the obligations of the occupying Power vis-à-vis the civilian population and contains detailed provisions concerning humanitarian aid to the population of the occupied territories. It also contains specific regulations for the treatment of civilian internees. It has three annexes that contain a model of agreement on hospital and security areas, standard rules of humanitarian aid and model maps. The previous proposal led to the creation of the Red Cross in Geneva. The latter culminated in the Geneva Convention in 1864, the first codified international treaty covering sick and wounded soldiers on the battlefield. On August 22, 1864, the Swiss government invited the governments of all European countries as well as the United States, Brazil and Mexico to an official diplomatic conference.

Sixteen countries sent 26 delegates to Geneva. On 22 August 1864, the Conference adopted the first Geneva Convention “to improve the condition of the wounded in the armies on the ground.” Representatives of 12 states and kingdoms signed the Convention:[3][4] In the decades following World War II, the large number of anti-colonial and insurrectional wars threatened to render the Geneva Conventions obsolete. After four years of Red Cross negotiations, two additional protocols to the 1949 conventions were adopted in 1977, including both combatants and civilians. The first, Protocol I, extended protection under the Geneva and The Hague Conventions to those involved in wars of “self-determination” redefined as international conflicts. The protocol also allowed the creation of commissions of inquiry in the event of an alleged violation of the convention.