There are a series of Iranian activities that worry the international community and Barack Obama outside the framework of the international agreement to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. India and Bangladesh today signed seven agreements. “The Indian navy is responsible for concluding white maritime information exchange agreements with 36 countries and three multinational constructions,” said an official source. To date, 19 agreements have been signed, 12 of which have come into force. India has also established an extensive network of coastal chain radars that track maritime and ocean traffic. The agreement aims to improve the exchange of data on cargo ships and to extend their maritime cooperation and partnership throughout the sea and the Pacific. The world`s seas are connected to each other and ships can regularly sail around the globe to search for cargo. For example, a ship that is now in Indian waters may be able to sail to a distant destination and, in the same way, sail from ports around the world to India. Advance information about the vessel, its destination and planned itinerary, etc., is therefore extremely useful in collecting an effective MDA, as it can then be correctly identified during check-in. This information will probably be available with the country from which it is sailing. The information is just as relevant to the destination country and the information that is happening on the way. This is why the mutual exchange of this information, called White Shipping Information, is extremely useful for all concerned. India has signed white maritime agreements with several countries, including the United States and Singapore, and is working to reach a similar agreement with more countries as part of its ongoing efforts to develop an effective regional MDA.
These multilateral agreements are necessary because of the heavy traffic in the Indian Ocean, which cannot be totally controlled by any nation. India and Israel signed a “white navigation” agreement to improve data exchange on merchant ships or unclassified cargo ships when the head of the Indian navy, Admiral Sunil Lanba, met with high-ranking Israeli defence forces to deepen bilateral military relations. White navigation involves the exchange and exchange of prior information on non-military merchant ships related to identity and ships. There is a specific color code for ships. white is the color code for merchant ships, gray is the color for military ships and illegal ships are coded as black. The agreement provides for the reciprocal exchange of data on white ships. The Indian Navy`s Centre for Information Management and Analysis (Gurgaon) is the model centre for white maritime agreements. As the whole world is connected by the ocean, this is a security threat because everyone can move from one place to another. Hence information on the identity of the ships needed to deal with a possible maritime threat. Indeed, the 26/11 Mumbai attack is a classic case of lack of information exchange and, therefore, mismanagement of the case. Based on the exchange of information by white navigation, the Indian navy works with other authorities such as the Coast Guard and Customs on the maritime domain Awareness (MDA). This contributes to better surveillance and thus enhances maritime security.
To develop a well-known regional maritime zone, India has signed white navigation agreements with various nations such as the United States and Singapore, France and Israel.